Poulsbo, Washington

Coordinates: 47°44′21″N 122°38′21″W / 47.73917°N 122.63917°W / 47.73917; -122.63917
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Poulsbo, Washington
č̓uʔč̓uɬac
Front Street Northeast
Front Street Northeast
Nickname(s): 
Viking City, Little Norway
Location of Poulsbo, Washington
Location of Poulsbo, Washington
Coordinates: 47°44′21″N 122°38′21″W / 47.73917°N 122.63917°W / 47.73917; -122.63917
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyKitsap
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorBecky Erickson
Area
 • Total5.37 sq mi (13.91 km2)
 • Land4.74 sq mi (12.27 km2)
 • Water0.63 sq mi (1.64 km2)
Elevation
30 ft (9 m)
Population
 • Total11,275
 • Estimate 
(2022)[3]
11,891
 • Density2,528/sq mi (910.20/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
98370
Area code360
FIPS code53-55995
GNIS feature ID1507605[4]
Websitewww.cityofpoulsbo.com

Poulsbo (/ˈpɔːlzb/ PAWLZ-boh) is a city on Liberty Bay in Kitsap County, Washington, United States. It is the smallest of the four cities in Kitsap County. The population was 11,970 at the 2020 census[5] and an estimated 10,927 in 2018.[6]

The Suquamish people have inhabited the surrounding area, called č̓uʔč̓uɬac in Lushootseed, for millennia. After the signing of the Treaty of Point Elliott in 1855, many were moved to the Port Madison Indian Reservation. Poulsbo was then founded in the 1880s by Norwegian immigrant Jørgen Eliason, who was joined by other Scandinavians who relocated from the Midwestern states. They were drawn here by the availability of land, by the area's rich resources, and by a landscape similar to their native home. The settlement was connected by boats to other areas of the region, including the Puget Sound mosquito fleet, which was eventually usurped by highways built in the early 20th century.

Modern-day downtown Poulsbo maintains a Scandinavian theme to honor its early immigrant history and is a popular regional tourist destination. One of its local products, Poulsbo Bread, is made locally at Sluys Bakery and used to be sold internationally. Many visitors arrive by boat; there are three marinas near the town, and the town's harbor is an excellent anchorage.

History[edit]

First Lutheran Church of Poulsbo

The Suquamish people have inhabited Liberty Bay for millennia, hunting in local forests and floodplains, fishing in bays and streams, and harvesting shellfish along the shoreline. The site upon which the modern city is built is called č̓uʔč̓uɬac, meaning "maple trees".[7][8] The Suquamish had a winter village nearby, at the head of Liberty Bay, anglicized variously as "Ho-Cheeb"[9] and "Xoyacid,"[10] which consisted of two large houses and four smaller houses. It existed until the late 1800's until settlers began populating the area.[10][11]

After the signing of the Treaty of Point Elliott in 1855, most of the Suquamish people living in the area were relocated to the Port Madison Indian Reservation.

Oyster farming in Poulsbo, 1920

Founded by Norwegian immigrant Jørgen Eliason in the 1880s, Poulsbo was settled in its early years by a large number of Norwegian and other Scandinavian immigrants because of its similarities to their native countries.[12] In 1886, Iver Brynildsen Moe, one of the early Norwegian settlers, suggested that the community should have a post office. Moe suggested the town be named "Paulsbo", his hometown in Halden, Norway.[13][14] The community's petition for a post office was granted and Moe became the first postmaster, but authorities in Washington, D.C. misspelled the town's name, likely misreading Moe's handwriting,[citation needed] and the community became known as "Poulsbo" thereafter. Poulsbo was incorporated on December 18, 1907.

Until World War II, many Poulsbo residents retained Norwegian as a primary language. However, during World War II, the military constructed about 300 residential units to provide housing for workers at the nearby Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton. The population of Poulsbo almost tripled over three years, and the diversification of the population led to the dominance of English as the primary language.

On October 22, 1975, King Olav V of Norway visited Poulsbo as part of the celebration of 150 years of Norwegian immigration to the United States.[15] His son, Harald, visited 20 years later.

Education[edit]

Poulsbo is home to many different public schools in the North Kitsap School District. North Kitsap High School, Poulsbo Middle School, Poulsbo Elementary School and Vinland Elementary School are located within the city limits, while Pearson Elementary School lies south of town. Private schools include Gateway Christian School and West Sound Academy. Post-secondary undergraduate education includes Olympic College Poulsbo.

Chief Kitsap Academy in Suquamish is outside of the Poulsbo city limits and has a Poulsbo postal address.[16]

Northwest College of Art & Design was formerly in the Poulsbo area. The school, established in 1982 as the Northwest College of Art, was initially in Lemolo in Poulsbo.[17] In 1991 the institution began leasing the former Mains Manor in Suquamish, which was purchased in 2000.[18] The Squamish tribe had purchased the former college building for $5.03 million on November 28, 2017 and made it into the current Chief Kitsap Building.[19] The college, at that time, moved to Tacoma, having purchased a building there.[17]

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Poulsbo is located in northern Kitsap County at 47°44′21″N 122°38′21″W / 47.739137°N 122.639278°W / 47.739137; -122.639278 (47.739137, -122.639278),[20] at the north end of Liberty Bay, a sheltered arm of Puget Sound. Washington State Route 305 has its northwestern terminus in the northern part of the town at State Route 3 and leads southeast 13 miles (21 km) to the ferry docks at Bainbridge Island. SR 3 leads north 9 miles (14 km) to Port Gamble and south 16 miles (26 km) to the western part of Bremerton.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Poulsbo has a total area of 5.27 square miles (13.65 km2), of which 4.67 square miles (12.10 km2) are land and 0.60 square miles (1.55 km2), or 11.43%, are water.[21]

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Poulsbo, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
71
(22)
80
(27)
83
(28)
92
(33)
97
(36)
99
(37)
101
(38)
97
(36)
86
(30)
70
(21)
68
(20)
101
(38)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 47
(8)
49
(9)
54
(12)
59
(15)
65
(18)
70
(21)
76
(24)
77
(25)
71
(22)
60
(16)
51
(11)
45
(7)
60
(16)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 36
(2)
35
(2)
38
(3)
41
(5)
46
(8)
51
(11)
54
(12)
55
(13)
50
(10)
44
(7)
39
(4)
34
(1)
44
(7)
Record low °F (°C) 12
(−11)
12
(−11)
19
(−7)
28
(−2)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
41
(5)
39
(4)
33
(1)
27
(−3)
10
(−12)
7
(−14)
7
(−14)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 8.89
(226)
6.22
(158)
5.95
(151)
3.57
(91)
2.46
(62)
1.69
(43)
0.86
(22)
1.03
(26)
1.55
(39)
4.89
(124)
9.39
(239)
10.07
(256)
56.57
(1,437)
Source: [22]

Culture[edit]

Media[edit]

The North Kitsap Herald has published continuously since 1901, providing local news for Poulsbo as well as the greater Kitsap County area. The Herald was founded by Peter Iverson, who served as mayor of Poulsbo and state legislator. Today, the Herald is owned by Sound Publishing. In Kitsap, Sound also publishes the Bainbridge Island Review, Central Kitsap Reporter, and Port Orchard Independent (Fridays); Kingston Community News (monthly); as well as KitsapDailyNews.com and BainbridgeReview.com (daily online).

Landmarks[edit]

First Lutheran Church opened in 1886 atop the hill, overlooking downtown Poulsbo, and was originally Førdefjord Lutheran.[23]

Norseman Statue[edit]

The Norseman is a 12-foot Viking statue made of steel and concrete by artist Mark Gale of Tacoma. The statue sits at the southeast corner of the Viking Avenue-Lindvig Way.
Velkommen til Poulsbo

The Norseman Statue (47°44′50″N 122°39′17″W / 47.74719°N 122.65469°W / 47.74719; -122.65469), a 12-foot (3.7 m) statue by artist Mark Gale of Tacoma, stands at Viking Avenue and Lindvig Way.[24] [25]

The statue was commissioned by the city to replace a wooden sign at Viking Avenue and Lindvig Way. The statue was created by Tacoma, Washington based artist Mark Gale. The project was coordinated by local businessman Bill Austin and Poulsbo Mayor Becky Erickson. Privately funded by the Bjorgen Beautification Fund, the statue cost $25,000. The statue was first unveiled November 23, 2012 at a traditional city tree lighting ceremony.[26][27] [28][29]

The Norseman statue constitutes 500 pounds of rebar steel and 5,000 pounds of cement. The statue stands on a foundation engraved with the words Velkommen til Poulsbo. It is located on the western edge of town, on the southeast corner of Viking Ave. NW and NW Lindvig Way.[30]

Parks[edit]

Entrance to Poulsbo's Fish Park

Poulsbo's Fish Park (47°44.862′N 122°39.190′W / 47.747700°N 122.653167°W / 47.747700; -122.653167 (Poulsbo's Fish Park)) is a 40-acre (16 ha) park in Poulsbo.[31] The park was started in 2002 by a group of community members and governments including the City of Poulsbo and the Suquamish Tribe.[32]

The park is centered on the Dogfish Creek estuary at the north end of Liberty Bay. As of 2015, the park had 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of trails with the city planning to double that figure.[33]

During the fall salmon run, Washington State University's extension service conducts salmon tours at locations on Kitsap Peninsula including Fish Park.[34]

Sister cities[edit]

Poulsbo has two sister cities, both in Norway:[35]

Demographics[edit]

Sons of Norway Hall, Poulsbo
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1910364
192054650.0%
19305847.0%
19406399.4%
19501,01458.7%
19601,50548.4%
19701,85623.3%
19803,45386.0%
19904,84840.4%
20006,81340.5%
20109,20035.0%
2019 (est.)11,168[3]21.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[36]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,200 people, 3,883 households, and 2,310 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,970.0 inhabitants per square mile (760.6/km2). There were 4,115 housing units at an average density of 881.2 per square mile (340.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.9% White, 9.2% Hispanic or Latino, 5.7% Asian, 1.1% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 3.6% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races.

There were 3,883 households, of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.5% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 40.2 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 19.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.3% male and 54.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,813 people, 2,845 households, and 1,772 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,121.5 people per square mile (819.5/km2). There were 2,992 housing units at an average density of 931.7 per square mile (359.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.1% White, 4.8% Hispanic or Latino, 3.0% Asian, 1.0% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. 14.6% were of German, 10.6% Irish, 10.0% English and 9.5% Norwegian ancestry. 95.3% spoke English and 2.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 2,845 households, out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.2% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and under, there are 78.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,875 and the median income for a family was $51,353. Males had a median income of $40,482 versus $27,899 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,649. 9.1% of the population and 8.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.1% of those under the age of 18 and 6.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. A large number of employed individuals work on the east side of Puget Sound, in Seattle or other King County cities, and commute to work by ferry.

Notable residents[edit]

Major roads[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  3. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Washington: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019". United States Census Bureau. May 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Poulsbo". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Poulsbo city, Washington". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2023-08-01.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018 (PEPANNRES): Washington Incorporated Places". Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  7. ^ Bates, Dawn; Hess, Thom; Hilbert, Vi (1994). Lushootseed Dictionary. University of Washington Press.
  8. ^ Walker, Richard (June 30, 2015). "Viking Avenue business owner will replace trees he cut down". North Kitsap Herald. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  9. ^ "1 million Norwegians immigrated to U.S. between 1820 and 1920 | Viking Fest". North Kitsap Herald. May 16, 2015. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  10. ^ a b Waterman, T.T. sdaʔdaʔ gʷəɬ dibəɬ ləšucid ʔacʔaciɬtalbixʷ - Puget Sound Geographical Names.
  11. ^ "The Suquamish Tribe – Home of the Suquamish People". Retrieved 2023-07-08.
  12. ^ Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6.
  13. ^ Meany, Edmond S. (1923). Origin of Washington Geographic Names. University of Washington Press. p. 230. OCLC 1963675. Retrieved March 4, 2021 – via HathiTrust.
  14. ^ Ott, Jennifer (November 5, 2007). "King Olav V of Norway visits Poulsbo on October 22, 1975". HistoryLink. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  15. ^ "About Us". Chief Kitsap Academy. Retrieved 2021-07-14. 15801 Creative Drive NE Poulsbo, WA 98370 - 2010 US Census Bureau map of Suquamish CDP - The site is not in the Poulsbo city limits. See zoning map and compare to the address.
  16. ^ a b Sooter, Tad (2017-03-26). "Poulsbo art college announces move to Tacoma". Kitsap Sun. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
  17. ^ Edwards, Sue (2000-01-22). "NORTHWEST COLLEGE OF ART: The fine art of buying a campus". Kitsap Sun. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
  18. ^ Henry, Chris (2018-09-06). "Suquamish Tribe's Chief Kitsap Academy moves to new campus". Kitsap Sun. Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  19. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  20. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  21. ^ "weather.com".
  22. ^ "Poulsbo First Lutheran Church – People gathered and sent in the love of Christ". www.poulsbofirstlutheran.org.
  23. ^ "Norseman sculpture unveiled at Viking and Lindvig". North Kitsap Herald. 24 November 2012.
  24. ^ "Norseman stands tall in Poulsbo". kitsapsun.com.
  25. ^ "Bill Austin receives Lifetime Achievement Award". North Kitsap Herald. February 2013. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  26. ^ "Erickson's running for second term as Poulsbo mayor". North Kitsap Herald. 10 April 2013. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  27. ^ "Norseman sculpture unveiled at Viking and Lindvig". northkitsapherald.com. 24 November 2012.
  28. ^ "Norseman recruited by local Girl Scouts". kingstoncommunitynews.com. 27 February 2015.
  29. ^ "12-Foot-Tall Concrete Viking". roadsideamerica.com. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  30. ^ Romano, Craig (2016). Urban Trails: Kitsap: Bainbridge Island, Key Peninsula, Bremerton/Silverdale & Gig Harbor. Mountaineers Books. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-68051-023-2.
  31. ^ Cary Bozeman (September 10, 2015). "Poulsbo's Fish Park — A Study in Community Leadership". Westsound Home and Garden. Port Orchard, Washington.
  32. ^ Rachel Anne Seymour (October 26, 2015). "More trails planned at Poulsbo's Fish Park". Kitsap Sun.
  33. ^ "Kitsap Salmon Tours". Washington State University Extension. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  34. ^ "Velkommen til Poulsbo… Welcome!". City of Poulsbo. Retrieved 2021-01-31.
  35. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  36. ^ Tarver, Clay (2 July 2013). "The Rock n Roll Casualty Who Became a War Hero". The New York Times.
  37. ^ "Explorer Series: Capt. Richard F. Gordon Jr". Museum of Flight. Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2007-09-22.

External links[edit]