Mount Victoria (Wellington suburb)

Coordinates: 41°17′46″S 174°47′06″E / 41.296°S 174.785°E / -41.296; 174.785
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Mount Victoria
Mount Victoria roofs, Armour Avenue just left of centre. Te Aro in the background
Mount Victoria roofs, Armour Avenue just left of centre. Te Aro in the background
Coordinates: 41°17′46″S 174°47′06″E / 41.296°S 174.785°E / -41.296; 174.785
CountryNew Zealand
CityWellington City
Local authorityWellington City Council
Electoral ward
  • Pukehīnau/Lambton Ward
  • Te Whanganui-a-Tara Māori Ward
 • Land108 ha (267 acres)
 (June 2023)[2]
 • Total4,940
Oriental Bay's Oriental Parade Oriental Bay and Roseneath
Te Aro
Mount Victoria
Mount Cook Newtown

Mount Victoria is a suburb of central Wellington, New Zealand, named after the 196 metres (643 ft) hill Mount Victoria to the east. Mount Victoria's residential area is on its north-western slopes.


It was settled as, at its foot, Wellington's Te Aro filled with commercial activities. Residents needed to be close to the city but wanted more comfortable surroundings. For a long time, it was one of Wellington's sources of fresh milk from its dairy farms.


Mount Victoria covers 1.08 km2 (0.42 sq mi).[1] It had an estimated population of 4,940 as of June 2023, with a population density of 4,574 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Source: [3]

Mount Victoria had a population of 4,527 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 129 people (2.9%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 189 people (4.4%) since the 2006 census. There were 1,785 households, comprising 2,199 males and 2,328 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.94 males per female. The median age was 30.9 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 351 people (7.8%) aged under 15 years, 1,800 (39.8%) aged 15 to 29, 2,007 (44.3%) aged 30 to 64, and 366 (8.1%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 82.0% European/Pākehā, 7.2% Māori, 2.4% Pasifika, 13.4% Asian, and 4.9% other ethnicities. People may identify with more than one ethnicity.

The percentage of people born overseas was 34.9, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people chose not to answer the census's question about religious affiliation, 63.5% had no religion, 23.2% were Christian, 0.3% had Māori religious beliefs, 2.1% were Hindu, 0.5% were Muslim, 1.4% were Buddhist and 3.8% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 2,286 (54.7%) people had a bachelor's or higher degree, and 156 (3.7%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $46,700, compared with $31,800 nationally. 1,200 people (28.7%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 2,754 (65.9%) people were employed full-time, 588 (14.1%) were part-time, and 174 (4.2%) were unemployed.[3]


Byrd Memorial

The Byrd Memorial erected in 1962 to polar explorer Richard E. Byrd is by the peak of Mount Victoria.

The Hataitai Bus Tunnel and the Mount Victoria Tunnel (State Highway 1) run beneath the ridge of Mount Victoria, connecting the central city with Wellington International Airport, Evans Bay and the Miramar Peninsula.

Mount Victoria's churches include the notable Greek Orthodox Cathedral of The Annunciation of the Virgin Mary on Hania Street, St Mark's in Dufferin Street with its school and the Catholic St Gerard's Church and its former monastery in Hawker Street and the Catholic parish church, St Joseph's, in Ellice Street.

Town belt[edit]

Mount Victoria and the town belt from the Basin Reserve
Much of Mount Victoria is part of the Wellington Town Belt, a series of park land originally granted to the city in 1873 for public recreation.[4] The vegetation in the area is dominated by pines and macrocarpa planted in the “plantation years” from the late 1800s to early 1900s,[5] though efforts have been made in recent years to plant more native vegetation, which has attracted the New Zealand kākā back to the area.[6] The area features many tracks used for walking and mountain biking.

The Mount Victoria Lookout is situated within the Town Belt, and offers panoramic views of the greater Wellington area.[7] Not far to its east is the Mount Victoria Radio Tower, which was Wellington's main radio and television mast from 1927 until 1965, when the larger and more powerful Mount Kaukau transmitter opened.

Greek community[edit]

The Cathedral of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary (Theotokos)

A strong link was forged between Cretans and New Zealanders during World War II. New Zealanders left behind in the retreat from Crete were hidden from the occupying army by Cretans at great personal danger and they were able to harass occupying forces. A commemoration of the Battle of Crete is held each year in May. Lloyd Street which is the site of the Greek community centre and the Greek Orthodox Cathedral was renamed Hania Street after Crete's old capital. Wellington's Olympic Football Club was established by Father Ilias Economou for his parishioners.

About 65 per cent of Greek New Zealanders live in Wellington and in the decades following World War II they were concentrated in Mount Victoria. The greatest concentration is now in Miramar and around half of Greek weddings are now with other New Zealanders.


Mount Victoria
to the left of its summit —Roseneath and Oriental Bay
to the right —residential Mount Victoria and far right —the National Museum, Te Papa

The suburb is almost entirely residential with commercial activity along Kent Terrace on its north-western boundary. The houses are on the north-western flank of the ridge above the southern end of the Wellington CBD, Te Aro. Adjoining suburbs are Oriental Bay with Roseneath, Newtown to the south, Te Aro to the west beyond Kent Terrace and Hataitai on the far side of the ridge beyond the town belt.


What would seem to be residential Mount Victoria's frontage to the harbour is now technically a one-building-wide strip of Oriental Bay. The houses in Roxburgh, McFarlane, Hawker and Moeller Streets are all in Mount Victoria. The houses below those streets front onto Oriental Parade which is defined as Oriental Bay. The old monastery is in Mount Victoria. Palliser Road is in Roseneath.[8]

Wellington College and Government House, official residence of New Zealand's Governor-General, are beyond the southern boundary to the south-east of cricket's Basin Reserve. Beyond Government House is Newtown's Wellington Hospital.


Lord of the Rings connection[edit]

The road to Bree
The site of Dunharrow

Mount Victoria was used twice as a location in Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. The very first footage on the project was shot off Alexandra Road on 11 October 1999, called the "Get off the road" scene, followed by the "Escape from the Nazgûl" scenes a few hundred metres to the North. Later an old quarry at the top end of Ellice Street was used as the Rohirrim camp at Dunharrow.[9]


Primary schools[edit]

Clyde Quay School is a co-educational state primary school for Year 1 to 8 students,[10][11] with a roll of 212 as of April 2023.[12]

St Mark's Church School is a co-educational Anglican private primary school for Year 1 to 8 students,[13][14] with a roll of 216.[15]

Secondary schools[edit]

Wellington College is a boys' state secondary school for Year 9 to 13 students,[16] founded in 1867.[17] It has a roll of 1797 as of April 2023.[18]

Wellington East Girls' College is a girls' state secondary school for Year 9 to 13 students,[19] founded in 1925.[20] It has a roll of 1072.[21]


  1. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". Retrieved 29 October 2023.
  2. ^ "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Mount Victoria (252500). 2018 Census place summary: Mount Victoria
  4. ^ Wellington City Council. History of the town & green belts.
  5. ^ Wright + Associates (June 2015). "Mount Victoria - Matairangi Master Plan - June 2015" (PDF). Wellington City Council. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Wellington's bored and overfed kākā pose hazard with tree stripping". Stuff. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  7. ^ Absolutely Positively Wellington - Mount Victoria Lookout
  8. ^ Address and postcode finder, New Zealand Post
  9. ^ Brodie, Ian (2003). The Lord of the Rings Location Guidebook. Harper Collins. ISBN 1-86950-491-7.
  10. ^ "Clyde Quay School Education Review Office Report". Education Review Office.
  11. ^ "Clyde Quay School Official School Website".
  12. ^ "Clyde Quay School Ministry of Education School Profile". Ministry of Education.
  13. ^ "St Mark's Church School Education Review Office Report". Education Review Office.
  14. ^ "St Mark's Church School Official School Website".
  15. ^ "St Mark's Church School Ministry of Education School Profile". Ministry of Education.
  16. ^ "Wellington College Education Review Office Report". Education Review Office.
  17. ^ "Wellington College Official School Website".
  18. ^ "Wellington College Ministry of Education School Profile". Ministry of Education.
  19. ^ "Wellington East Girls' College Education Review Office Report". Education Review Office.
  20. ^ "Wellington East Girls' College Official School Website".
  21. ^ "Wellington East Girls' College Ministry of Education School Profile". Ministry of Education.

External links[edit]